The role of MiRNA in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Gene. 2019 May 01;:
Authors: Chen B, Xu P, Wang J, Zhang C
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder in reproductive-aged women. Clinical manifestations include hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation, polycystic ovaries and being frequently accompanied by insulin resistance (IR) and obesity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs which are involved in the regulation of gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Altered miRNAs levels have been showed to be associated with a variety of diseases including diabetes, endometriosis and cancer. In recent years, more and more evidence suggests abnormal expression of miRNAs are detected in granulosa cells, theca cells, adipose tissue, follicular fluid, serum and peripheral blood leukocytes of women with PCOS and display vital role in the occurrence and development of PCOS. This will shed light on new strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of this syndrome. In this paper, we will review the recent research on miRNAs with respect to PCOS.
PMID: 31054362 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]