Potential involvement of circRNAs in the development of PCOS and their use as PCOS biomarkers
Circular RNA expression profiling of granulosa cells in women of reproductive age with polycystic ovary syndrome.
Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2019 Apr 01;:
Authors: Zhang C, Liu J, Lai M, Li J, Zhan J, Wen Q, Ma H
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the expression profiles of circRNA in granulosa cells of women of reproductive age with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
METHODS: Total RNA was isolated from granulosa cells of 15 women with PCOS and 15 body mass index- and age-matched healthy women (control). RNA sequencing was conducted on ribosomal-depleted RNA for circRNA expression profiling. The differential expression of circRNA between women with PCOS and controls was compared and visualized using hierarchical clustering heat maps and Volcano plots. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed to determine the role of the differential expression of circRNAs. The expression rates of circRNAs were confirmed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) using divergent primers.
RESULTS: A total of 4258 and 7395 candidate circRNAs were predicted in PCOS and controls, respectively, based on the RNA-sequencing data. Differences were noted in the expression patterns of circRNA between the two groups. Analysis of the expression profiles revealed that four circRNAs were upregulated, whereas 23 were downregulated in the women with PCOS. GO analysis suggested that the 27 differentially expressed circRNAs were mainly distributed in biological process pathways, particularly in pathways involving inflammation, proliferation, and the vascular endothelial growth factor-related signaling pathway. Six circRNAs were identified in PCOS-affected women using divergent primers. qRT-PCR confirmed that hsa_circ_0001577 was significantly upregulated and hsa_circ_0020093 was downregulated in the women with PCOS.
CONCLUSIONS: Several circRNAs were differentially expressed in women of reproductive age with PCOS, suggesting the involvement of these circRNAs in the development of PCOS and the potential clinical implications of their use as PCOS biomarkers.
PMID: 30937532 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]